||HIV / AIDS
what it is
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that weakens the immune system, which can lead to AIDS. A person is diagnosed with AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) after getting and indicator illness or on the basis of certain blood tests.
Serious liver disease caused by a virus which is called hepatitis B virus (HBV).
|how you get it / spread it
Spread by exposure to infected blood and sex fluids.
HIV enters the body through a skin puncture / sore or by contact with mucous membranes (the mouth, eyes, urethra/penis, vagina and rectum).
Spread by sharing needles and other drug tools.
From mother to infant during pregnancy, delivery or while breastfeeding.
*The presence of other STDs/STIs increases the likelihood of both transmitting and acquiring HIV!
During vaginal, anal, or oral sex with the exchange of body fluids, such as blood and spit.
Contact between any combination of the mouth, urethra/penis, vagina and rectum.
Spread by exposure to infected blood from skin puncture or contact with mucous membranes.
Spread by sharing needles.
From mother to infant during birth.
|what you see / how you feel
Symptoms of HIV are similar to many other illnesses and many people have no symptoms at all.
May include yellow skin or yellowing of the whites of your eyes (jaundice); tiredness; loss of appetite; nausea; abdominal discomfort; dark urine; grey-colored bowel movements; or joint pain.
*Most people who are infected have no symptoms!
||Weakened immune system causing difficulty fighting off certain infections. These infections can cause problems or even death in someone with AIDS. Having HIV does not automatically mean a person will develop AIDS.
||Chronic infection increases the risk for cirrhosis (scarring of the liver), liver cancer, and liver failure. About 15%-25% of people with chronic HBV infection might die prematurely from liver cirrhosis or liver cancer.|
||Blood test or oral swab.
Click here for testing locations.
|Blood test: the only way to diagnose|
No cure. Drug therapies and other medical treatments can slow the progression of HIV into AIDS and can prevent and treat illnesses associated with AIDS.
|No medications available for acute HBV infection. Antiviral drugs available for the treatment of chronic HBV infection.|
|who has it
||An estimated 850,000 to 950,000 people in the US living with HIV; approximately 1/4 do not know they are infected.
||1 out of 20 people in the United States have been infected with HBV.|
||HIV/AIDS - ASHA Overview
||Hepatitis B - CDC Fact Sheet|